Treatment for childhood brain tumors is based on the type of tumor, the tumor location, age of the child and other factors. Because of the unique challenges of treating the brain and CNS, the healthcare team developing and implementing the treatment plan often includes several specialists:
- Pediatric neurosurgeon: a doctor who specializes in surgery to the brain and nervous system
- Pediatric neuro-oncologist: a doctor who specializes in treating brain tumors with chemotherapy
- Radiation therapist: a doctor who specializes in treating brain tumors with radiation therapy
- Pediatric neurologist: a doctor who treats brain and nervous system diseases in children
- Endocrinologist: a doctor who treats diseases in glands that secrete hormones
The healthcare team will develop an individualized treatment plan for each patient. More often than not, treatment will include multiple forms of therapy.
Specific Types of Brain Tumors and Treatment
Many of the different types of brain tumors have unique treatment regimens that researchers have shown to be the most effective for that specific type of cancer. Below are some descriptions of the different types of treatment protocols for different tumor types.