Chemotherapy is the primary treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in children. Multiple chemotherapy treatments are required for a chance at long-term cure. The length of chemotherapy treatment is usually >6 months. Some patients may receive a bone marrow transplant following initial chemotherapy.
The drugs selected for treatment are based on the specific cancer diagnosis. Chemotherapy for AML may be given by mouth or injected into a vein, muscle or the central nervous system. Chemotherapy for AML is usually divided into phases of treatment.